Maritime Vessel Fire

Vessel fires can be devastating for victims, causing severe burns, trauma, and long-term health issues. The physical and emotional scars can alter their life, leading to extensive medical treatment, psychological distress, and the potential for permanent disability or disfigurement.

A maritime vessel fire lawyer plays a meaningful role in helping a victim make the most of their legal options, including filing a lawsuit for compensation and justice. Below, we’ll go over boat fires, including their types and causes, the legal options for victims, potential compensation, and how a lawyer assists throughout the legal process.


Maritime Vessel Fire Lawyer

Vessel fires are terrifying events. From burns to smoke inhalation and possible fatalities, these accidents can have devastating impacts on both the victims and families of victims.

Fires are often the result of poor maintenance or criminal negligence.

BoatLaw, LLP works hard to bring justice to victims and receive the maximum compensation for clients.

Call 1 (800) 262-8529 to secure an initial consultation.

We litigate maritime cases across the country from our offices in Washington, Oregon, and California. Do not settle for less than what your case is worth.


Information Center


Back to top

About Maritime Vessels

A maritime vessel is any type of boat or ship that travels on water. These vessels can vary widely in size, shape, and purpose. Some are small, like fishing boats used by a few people, while others are massive, like cruise ships that carry thousands of passengers or cargo ships loaded with containers for international trade. Maritime vessels are used for a variety of reasons: some for transportation of people or goods across seas and rivers, some for recreational purposes like sailing or cruising, and others for specific jobs like fishing, military defense, or scientific research on the oceans.


Back to top

Types of Maritime Vessel Fires

Types of Ship Fires:

  1. Engine room Fires: Most common, occurring in the machinery spaces due to factors like overheating or electrical failures.
  2. Electrical fires : Often caused by faulty wiring or overloaded electrical systems.
  3. Accommodation Fires: Occur in the living areas, dangerous due to the presence of personal belongings and flammable materials.
  4. Cargo Hold Fires: Specific to cargo vessels, where cargo can ignite due to chemical reactions or the presence of combustible materials.
  5. Kitchen Fires: Happen in the galley area from cooking accidents or equipment malfunctions.

Contributing Factors:

  1. Poor Maintenance: Particularly in the engine room, leading to conditions like overheating or electrical failures.
  2. Human Error: Includes careless behaviors such as smoking or mishandling flammable materials.
  3. Faulty Equipment: Malfunctioning electrical appliances or worn-out wiring can ignite fires.
  4. Improper Storage of Combustibles: Especially hazardous in cargo holds.
  5. Lack of Fire Safety Training: Contributes to the crew’s inability to prevent or effectively respond to fires.

Back to top

Causes of Maritime Vessel Fires

Poor maintenance is a leading cause, where neglect in engine room upkeep leads to overheating or electrical failures. Human error is another significant factor, including careless smoking or mishandling of flammable materials. Faulty equipment, like malfunctioning electrical appliances or worn-out wiring, can also lead to fires. Improper storage of combustibles, especially in cargo holds, is a known cause. Lastly, lack of fire safety training among crew members contributes to the inability to prevent or effectively respond to fires when they occur.


Back to top

Common Types of Victims in Maritime Vessel Fire Cases

Victims of maritime vessel fires often include crew members, as they are usually the first to encounter and attempt to control fires on board. Passengers on commercial vessels, like cruise ships or ferries, are also common victims, especially in cases of accommodation or galley fires. In cargo ship incidents, dock workers and inspectors can become victims, especially during loading or unloading operations when a cargo hold fire might occur. Lastly, rescue personnel responding to maritime fire emergencies are also at risk, particularly in severe cases that require external intervention.


Back to top

Where Maritime Vessel Fires Happen

In Washington, fires are seen in busy ports like Seattle and along the Columbia River. California experiences these incidents in major ports like Los Angeles and San Francisco, as well as in offshore areas because of heavy maritime traffic. Oregon’s incidents often occur along the coastline and in the Willamette River region. Alaska, known for its fishing industry, sees vessel fires in remote fishing areas and along the Aleutian Islands. The cold and harsh environment in Alaska adds an extra challenge in handling emergencies.


Back to top

Liable Parties in a Maritime Vessel Fire Case

When a fire occurs on a maritime vessel, determining who is liable to the victim can involve multiple parties, depending on the circumstances surrounding the incident. Primarily, the vessel’s owner could be held liable if the fire was due to their failure to maintain a safe environment, such as neglecting necessary safety inspections or not complying with fire safety regulations. Similarly, the vessel’s operator, who may be different from the owner, also has a responsibility to ensure the ship is safely managed and operated. If their negligence in doing so leads to a fire, they could be liable.

Additionally, the crew’s role cannot be overlooked; their actions or lack thereof, including potential negligence in handling hazardous materials or failing to execute emergency procedures correctly, could make them liable. Beyond the immediate circle of the vessel’s operation, manufacturers of the ship’s equipment and machinery could face liability if the fire was caused by defective products.

Lastly, any third party service providers involved in the vessel’s maintenance or operation, whose actions contributed to the fire, could also be held accountable. Each of these companies has a duty to ensure the safety of those aboard the vessel, and failing to fulfill these obligations can lead to liability in the event of a fire.


Back to top

Legal Options for a Victim of a Maritime Vessel Fire

Following a maritime vessel fire, a victim may pursue claims of negligence under the Jones Act as well as general maritime unseaworthiness claims. Under the Jones Act, the victim, if classified as a seaman, can file a negligence claim against their employer. This requires proving that the employer’s failure to provide a safe working environment directly contributed to the fire and resulting injuries. An unseaworthiness claim, on the other hand, does not focus on the employer’s actions but rather on the condition of the vessel itself. If the ship was not properly equipped or maintained to prevent fires, the vessel owner could be held liable for providing an unsafe environment.

In cases where the liability extends beyond the ship owner or employer, general maritime law allows for injury lawsuits against third parties. This might include manufacturers of faulty equipment that led to the fire or contractors responsible for the vessel’s maintenance who failed in their duties. Pursuing a lawsuit in these situations involves identifying the specific negligence or breach of duty that led to the fire, whether it was a failure to maintain safety standards, provide adequate fire-fighting equipment, or ensure the vessel was seaworthy.


Back to top

Potential Damages in Maritime Vessel Fire Cases

Victims can seek several types of damages through Jones Act. Negligence claims under the Jones Act allow seamen injured due to their employer’s failure to provide a safe working environment to seek compensation for lost wages, medical expenses, pain and suffering, and future earnings loss. Unseaworthiness claims offer similar types of compensation. In cases of wrongful death, the victim’s family may receive compensation for their loss, including financial support and funeral expenses.
Maintenance and cure claims ensure that injured seamen receive medical treatment and living expenses until they reach maximum medical improvement, regardless of fault.

In general maritime personal injury cases against parties other than the victim’s employer, victims can claim damages similar to those in Jones Act claims. This includes compensation for medical costs, lost wages, and pain and suffering.

The Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (LHWCA) offers protection to dock workers, harbor employees, and other maritime workers not covered by the Jones Act. Eligible workers injured on the job can receive compensation for medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, and lost wages. The LHWCA also provides for disability payments, whether temporary or permanent, partial or total, depending on the injury’s severity. In the unfortunate event of a worker’s death, their family is eligible for compensation, including funeral expenses and financial support.


Back to top

Steps to Take After Experiencing a Maritime Vessel Fire

  1. Seek Medical Attention: First and foremost, attend to any injuries by getting medical help immediately.
  2. Report the Accident: Notify your supervisor or the shipowner about the accident as soon as you can.
  3. Document the Scene: Take the time to document the accident scene and collect contact information from any witnesses.
  4. Keep Medical Records: Preserve all medical records and receipts connected to the injury. These documents are crucial for any potential legal claims.

It’s important to keep in mind that claims of negligence under the Jones Act, as well as claims of unseaworthiness under general maritime law, must both be filed within a three-year statute of limitations. The LHWCA statute of limitations is one year from the injury date. It’s imperative for victims to file within these periods to preserve their rights to compensation.


Back to top

Role of Maritime Vessel Fire Lawyer

A maritime vessel fire lawyer can provide assistance to a victim of an incident. They offer advice on the victim’s legal rights and the options available under maritime law. The lawyer can help in filing claims, like under the Jones Act or Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act, and ensure that these claims are strong. They also assist in negotiating settlements with responsible parties or, if necessary, representing the victim in court. A lawyer knows how to manage the legal process to seek as much compensation as possible for the victim.


Back to top

Additional Resources

Fire Safety

The U.S. Coast Guard’s Fire Safety guidelines serve as a resource for maintaining safety on vessels and at maritime facilities. These guidelines offer instructions and regulations for preventing and managing fires, including qualifications for STCW endorsements for advanced firefighting, guidance for the enforcement of salvage and marine firefighting regulations, and safety measures for firework displays and fire extinguishing systems. This resource is helpful for maritime professionals seeking to improve fire safety guidelines and ensure compliance with federal regulations.

Fire Protection in Shipbuilding and Ship Repair

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has created regulations specifically designed to improve fire protection in shipyard employment. This rule tries to protect workers from the hazards of fire in shipbuilding, ship repair, and related activities. It emphasizes the importance of having a fire protection plan, including the use of appropriate technologies, equipment, and training for employees.

NOAA Ship Crew Successfully Fights Fire at Sea

When a fire broke out aboard the NOAA Ship Rainier, the crew faced one of the most daunting challenges at sea. Isolated in the ocean, with no nearby ships for assistance, they battled the blaze for nearly three hours. Their training and weekly drills paid off, allowing them to contain and extinguish the fire without any injuries among the 41 people on board.


Back to top

Hire a Personal Injury Attorney

Contact us today to champion your cause and navigate the complexities of maritime claims, ensuring that your rights are fiercely protected and your future is secured.

Call 1 (800) 262-8529 to secure an initial consultation.

We litigate maritime cases across the country from our offices in Alaska, Washington, Oregon, and California. We handle cases that occur in the Pacific Ocean, Bering Sea, Coos Bay, The Columbia River, Grays Harbor, Port Angeles, Lake Tahoe, Dutch Harbor, and the Gulf of Alaska.

Do not settle for less than what your case is worth.


Back to top